Otsituimad TOP 5

Otitis media (0)

In America, acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common affliction necessitating medical therapy for children younger than 5 years. The total annual cost to society for this disease and for otitis media with effusion (OME) runs into the billions of dollars. Yet, despite research into prevention and therapy, the costs of this disease continue to rise while the incidence remains unabated. The emergence of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria requires reevaluation of the traditional management of otitis media (OM).

AOM is defined by convention as the first 3 weeks of a process in which the middle ear shows the signs and symptoms of acute inflammation. OME is defined as the presence of fluid in the middle ear with accompanying conductive hearing loss and without concomitant symptoms or signs of acuity. OME is classified as subacute when it persists from 3 weeks to 3 months after the onset of AOM and is classified as chronic thereafter.