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Schizoaffective disorder (0)

Schizoaffective disorder has features of both schizophrenia, including hallucinations, delusions, and distorted thinking, and a mood component, such as depression or mania.
The diagnosis is made when the patient has features of both illnesses but does not strictly meet diagnostic criteria for either schizophrenia or a mood disorder alone. Unfortunately, determining if a patient has 2 separate illnesses (schizophrenia or a mood disorder), a combination of illnesses (schizophrenia and a mood disorder), or perhaps even a distinct and separate illness apart from schizophrenia or a mood disorder is difficult. Making the diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder can be difficult because it encompasses 2 other diagnostic entities, namely schizophrenia and mood disorders. An accurate diagnosis is made when the patient meets criteria for major depressive disorder or mania while also meeting the criteria for schizophrenia. Moreover, the patient must have psychosis for at least 2 weeks without a mood disorder.